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Conflict Resolution and Strategic Studies


Starting from the Trentino – South Tyrol case study, this project seeks to identify a theoretical framework to explain the causes of and solutions to identity-, ethnic-, linguistic- and religious-based intra-state conflicts, with particular reference to frontier regions. Accordingly, the project analyzes the case of Trentino – South Tyrol, which emerged after the Second World War as a potential low-intensity conflict, and was resolved in 1972 following a number of institutional agreements between both sides, which granted broad autonomy to the region. 

The contention of this book is that military power cannot be understood without looking at society as a whole. The idea is in line with Clausewitz and has its roots in the enlightenment thinking of Edward Gibbon and Adam Smith; it was systematically developed by Max Weber and Hans Delbrück, and appears more recently, for example, in the works of Samuel Finer and Michael Howard. The present work stands on the shoulders of such giants. The reasons for reiterating this tradition of thought are twofold.

Across millennia and world civilizations perhaps the two most commonly studied questions of international relations are: How do wars start? Who wins wars? Scholars have continued to develop theories and uncover and unpack empirical puzzles regarding war outcomes and determinants of military effectiveness. Many past studies of military effectiveness developed ideas about what factors help states win wars, and what factors help states accomplish specific military tasks within wars.