Drawing on the writings of Joseph Schumpeter on Imperialism, the project develops a theory of international conflict grounded in a simple mechanism whereby industrialization fosters peace. The hypothesis is that industrialized states are more peaceful because they can gain more by investing at home than by pursuing foreign military conquest. Empirically, the analysis is run through a measure of industrial development, based on the size of a state’s industrial GDP. Result are tested statistically (1960-1999), and challenge both the proponents of the dyadic nature of democratic peace and of the capitalist peace, suggesting that industrialization might have a larger substantive effect than either democracy or capitalism.
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International Relations Theory
This edited handbook offers an original overview of main themes in International Relations (IR) by focusing on those books that may be considered "classic works" in the field of international politics. In particular, extended reviews of major volumes in IR Theory are presented in the volume, balancing different theoretical orientations (Realism and Neorealism, Liberalism and Liberal Institutionalism, Constructivism, Foreign Policy Analysis and the English School) and discussing some of the main debates that shaped IR theory in the Twentieth Century.