Starting from the Trentino – South Tyrol case study, this project seeks to identify a theoretical framework to explain the causes of and solutions to identity-, ethnic-, linguistic- and religious-based intra-state conflicts, with particular reference to frontier regions. Accordingly, the project analyzes the case of Trentino – South Tyrol, which emerged after the Second World War as a potential low-intensity conflict, and was resolved in 1972 following a number of institutional agreements between both sides, which granted broad autonomy to the region.
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This edited handbook offers an original overview of main themes in International Relations (IR) by focusing on those books that may be considered "classic works" in the field of international politics. In particular, extended reviews of major volumes in IR Theory are presented in the volume, balancing different theoretical orientations (Realism and Neorealism, Liberalism and Liberal Institutionalism, Constructivism, Foreign Policy Analysis and the English School) and discussing some of the main debates that shaped IR theory in the Twentieth Century.
Drawing on the writings of Joseph Schumpeter on Imperialism, the project develops a theory of international conflict grounded in a simple mechanism whereby industrialization fosters peace. The hypothesis is that industrialized states are more peaceful because they can gain more by investing at home than by pursuing foreign military conquest. Empirically, the analysis is run through a measure of industrial development, based on the size of a state’s industrial GDP. Result are tested statistically (1960-1999), and challenge both the proponents of the dyadic nature of democratic peace and of the capitalist peace, suggesting that industrialization might have a larger substantive effect than either democracy or capitalism.
The contention of this book is that military power cannot be understood without looking at society as a whole. The idea is in line with Clausewitz and has its roots in the enlightenment thinking of Edward Gibbon and Adam Smith; it was systematically developed by Max Weber and Hans Delbrück, and appears more recently, for example, in the works of Samuel Finer and Michael Howard. The present work stands on the shoulders of such giants. The reasons for reiterating this tradition of thought are twofold.
China’s extraordinary rise could represent a crucial challenge for the contemporary international order. Will Chinese ascent underpin a more prosperous and stable East Asia, or will it usher in greater uncertainty, contentious territorial disputes with its neighbors, and big power competition and conflict? Will Beijing become a responsible power socialized to international norms and institutions? Or will it seek to unilaterally restore a Sinocentric system in East Asia?
The book aims to deepen and encourage debate on the challenges that Turkey faces domestically, regionally, and in relations with the European Union. In recent years, the country is experiencing an increasing polarization of society and authoritarianism. In addition, although Turkey is still formally an accession candidate country, the EU anchor seems to be no longer able to support the consolidation of democracy, and the EU is turning Turkey into a strategic partner for the management of the migration crisis.
Across millennia and world civilizations perhaps the two most commonly studied questions of international relations are: How do wars start? Who wins wars? Scholars have continued to develop theories and uncover and unpack empirical puzzles regarding war outcomes and determinants of military effectiveness. Many past studies of military effectiveness developed ideas about what factors help states win wars, and what factors help states accomplish specific military tasks within wars.